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Articles / Applying to College / Will Deficiencies in Science and Language Hurt Top-College Odds?

Aug. 3, 2016

Will Deficiencies in Science and Language Hurt Top-College Odds?

Question: I'm entering my Senior Year of high school and while looking at schools, I realized that I may be at a disadvantage because I only have two years of Spanish and have not taken Chemistry (and won't be able to at my school since it's only open to Sophomores and Juniors. Also all chemistry classes are full). Do these deficiencies completely ruin my chances of getting in to top schools?

Over the eons, “The Dean" has seen “top schools" defined very broadly. So I don't know exactly which colleges and universities you're referring to here, but if we're talking about Ivies and their ilk …or about any of those picky places where the acceptance rate is under roughly 30% … then these deficiencies aren't automatic deal-breakers but they definitely could be strikes against you. (This, however, will be less true if you come from a disadvantaged background, are the first in your family to attend college, or you go to a high school where students rarely apply to competitive colleges. In such cases, admission committees will likely give you more wiggle room for shortcomings on your transcript.)


Do you have a reason for only taking two years of Spanish? For instance, do you have a documented learning disability? Is English your second language? Did you change high schools? Are there limited language offerings at your school which led to scheduling snafus?

If any of these reasons (or similar ones) apply, you should use the “Additional Information" section of your applications to explain. But your explanation should lean toward the factual (“Foreign language at my school is offered at the same time as art classes, and art is my passion") rather than the whiny (“The language teachers at my school are all terrible!").

As for chemistry … skipping chem alone won't be a huge problem if your schedule includes other heavy-hitter sciences (e.g., AP Physics, AP Bio) and it would help a lot if you've taken the toughest math classes as well. But at the hyper-selective colleges, many of your “competitor" applicants will probably have taken AP's in three lab science plus math through AP Calculus.

Of course, if your “top schools" are interested in you for reasons beyond your academics, (e.g., you're a recruited athlete, an under-represented minority student, hail from an uncommon background or offer unique talents), then the admission officials will be more inclined to look the other way at transcript-review time than if you're merely what I've dubbed “The Average Outstanding Kid."

So, although your deficiencies won't immediately take you out of contention at the most sought-after institutions, they will certainly work against you unless your profile contains other strengths that will distract the admission folks!

Written by

Sally Rubenstone

Sally Rubenstone

Sally Rubenstone knows the competitive and often convoluted college admission process inside out: From the first time the topic of college comes up at the dinner table until the last duffel bag is unloaded on a dorm room floor. She is the co-author of Panicked Parents' Guide to College Admissions; The Transfer Student's Guide to Changing Colleges and The International Student's Guide to Going to College in America. Sally has appeared on NBC's Today program and has been quoted in countless publications, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, USA Weekend, USA Today, U.S. News & World Report, Newsweek, People and Seventeen. Sally has viewed the admissions world from many angles: As a Smith College admission counselor for 15 years, an independent college counselor serving students from a wide range of backgrounds and the author of College Confidential's "Ask the Dean" column. She also taught language arts, social studies, study skills and test preparation in 10 schools, including American international schools in London, Paris, Geneva, Athens and Tel Aviv. As senior advisor to College Confidential since 2002, Sally has helped hundreds of students and parents navigate the college admissions maze. In 2008, she co-founded College Karma, a private college consulting firm, with her College Confidential colleague Dave Berry, and she continues to serve as a College Confidential advisor. Sally and her husband, Chris Petrides, became first-time parents in 1997 at the ripe-old age of 45. So Sally was nearly an official senior citizen when her son Jack began the college selection process, and when she was finally able to practice what she had preached for more than three decades.

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