Oct. 5, 2017
A cumulative GPA is usually based on all of the classes you took in high school. Your high school transcript will always include a cumulative GPA (unless you attend one of the handful of high schools—usually private schools or alternative schools—that don't compute it). Some colleges, however, will recalculate your GPA before evaluating your application. These colleges may eliminate grades in non-academic areas like gym and wood shop and health before they recalculate. Some will count only the “core" classes such as English, social studies, math, science, and foreign language.
While your overall GPA will play a starring role in your college outcomes, admission committees definitely do not view the GPA in a vacuum. Instead, they look at all of your grades through each year of high school and are quick to acknowledge when a student has a “rising record." Thus, if two students have the exact same GPA but one got her best grades in her freshman and sophomore years while the other got her best grades as a junior or senior, it's that second student who will get more consideration at decision time. So perhaps that will be YOU!
If you are disappointed with your current grades, then it's not too late to ask yourself WHY you're not doing better. Are you taking classes that are too hard? Do you pay attention in class or do you daydream and doodle? Do you ask questions when you're confused? Do you go to extra-help sessions when offered? Do you seem to understand the work but do poorly on tests (and thus might benefit from some tutoring and extra test practice)? Do you do your homework regularly and thoroughly? Are you simply bored with the subject matter?
If you can hone in on the reasons for your so-so grades, you may be able to raise them. However, not everyone is going to be an A student, and some teenagers who aren't at all excited about their high school classes will find passions later on in life (culinary arts? fashion design? graphic design? firefighting?) where they excel.
So do try to improve your grades but don't be too quick to tie your GPA to your self-esteem or to your hopes for the future. There are lots of routes to happiness and success in life that aren't connected to your high school report card!
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