Nov. 30, 2017
You ask a good question but once again “The Dean" must resort to a highly unsatisfying “It depends" in response.
Generally, the longer you have been out of high school, the less your high school credentials will matter to college admission officials. In fact, high school test scores are only considered valid for five years. So, if you took the SAT or ACT more than five years ago, your target colleges may—or may not—expect you to re-test. You'll have to ask admission officials at each school individually (or look for an answer on the admissions Web site).
Often, if you have earned an Associate's degree, you will not have to submit new test scores (or ANY test scores) with your transfer application. But again, that will be decided on a school-by-school basis.
Some colleges and universities have special programs that are ONLY for non-traditional students, such as The Ada Comstock Scholars Program at Smith College, where I used to work. These programs frequently have different (and more flexible) requirements for their applicants than those that the college expects from their younger candidates. So if any of the target colleges on your list offer such opportunities, you may find that test scores have been waived for the older applicants.
As for high school transcripts, most admission officials understand that the grades earned as a teenager may not at all reflect the potential of an adult. BUT ... when an older student applies to a selective college without having taken ANY college classes since high school, then there will be much more weight put on the high school grades than if the older student has done some college-level work, whether as a matriculated student or only as a part-time non-matriculated student.
Thus, when I advise non-traditional students who are aiming for selective colleges and universities, I always suggest taking at least several college classes (if not earning an actual two-year degree) before applying. The choices should reflect a balance of humanities, social science and math/science courses, regardless of the intended major. When a student has been successful in such classes, it goes a long way toward bolstering admission odds and putting high school grades well onto the back burner, especially if they weren't so hot. The most hyper-competitive colleges in the country (think Ivies and their ilk) actually admit some adults who excelled in community college classes, even if the rigor of those classes was well below what these students will encounter after they transfer.
So, yes, time and maturity will certainly factor into admission verdicts for non-traditional students. But good grades in classes taken as an adult provide the strongest ammunition.
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