ic S/general/checkmark circled Thanks for subscribing! Be on the lookout for our next newsletter.
ic S/general/checkmark circled
Saved to My Favorites. View My Favorites
Articles / Applying to College / How Do I Know Where to Apply to College?

How Do I Know Where to Apply to College?

Sally Rubenstone
Written by Sally Rubenstone | Aug. 2, 2021
Photo of woman looking at computer by Sincerely Media on Unsplash

Ask the Dean: How do I research colleges and choose where to apply?

Hi Dean! I'm a high school junior, and I met with my guidance counselor already because I am very nervous about applying to colleges next year. She recommended some schools that she said might be good fits for me, but I haven't heard of any of them except for one. I know that I should go visit them but a couple are pretty far away, and I feel like I should know more before planning an expensive trip. So what are good ways to start checking out colleges and deciding which ones to apply to?

The Dean's Answer:

Starting the college selection process can be overwhelming indeed and too many students take the easy way out by considering only colleges that are close to home or that are prestigious and renowned, that friends or siblings or some hot-shot from last year's senior class attended, or maybe a couple places that made it to the NCAA Final Four in March.

You're lucky that you have a guidance counselor who was able to offer you recommendations that apparently aren't all the “Usual Suspects," like the state school in an adjacent town. But I agree that it's hard to have a sense of an institution that you know nothing about. So before you and your family spring for a road trip (or a plane trip!) and for a couple rooms at the Ritz (or the Econo Lodge?), here are a few ways to explore the schools your counselor suggested.

6 Ways to Research Colleges Without Leaving Home

  1. Consult a guide book
  2. Explore colleges using the CC College Search tool
  3. Share what you're looking for and ask for recommendations from the CC Community
  4. Visit school's websites
  5. Ask people you know
  6. Take a virtual tour

Consult a Guide Book

Read about the college in an “anecdotal guidebook" like Princeton Review's Best 381 Colleges, The Fiske Guide to Colleges, or The Insider's Guide to Colleges. These books will provide not only objective info like location, size, gender balance, acceptance rates, etc. but also a subjective sense of what students like or don't like about each school and of who goes there in the first place. (Not every college will be included in such books, but there are a few hundred that are.) Don't take these books as gospel truth but do use them as a good introduction and overview, then look beyond them.

Explore the CC College Finder

Go to College Confidential's College Finder to search for schools by location, size, median test scores and GPA and more. You can also search for schools in all 50 states

Join the Conversation in the CC Forums

Check out what people are saying about specific schools on the College Confidential community.

On some forums, current students or alum have offered to answer questions, so take advantage of this offer. And if you don't see a thread for the college you want—or if there's not a current student answering questions—feel free to start a new thread or post your question to see who responds (but be wary of answers that come from other high school students who may be as clueless as you are!).

Visit schools' websites

These will be helpful when you are looking to see what majors, sports, activities, (etc.) are offered but, other than that, the Websites start to look a lot alike pretty quickly. You can access the schools websites through a link on top of each college profile in the College Finder.

Talk to People

Talk to anyone you encounter (teachers, coaches, family friends) and ask if they have thoughts for you on the college in question. If you're not pathologically shy, you might even chat up strangers in elevators or supermarkets who are wearing college sweatshirts, tees, and caps to ask about their relationship to the school they're touting (e.g., Current student? Former student? Parent?) I remember a great conversation I once had with a young woman on a playground (she was babysitting not climbing the money bars 😉 ) when I saw “Clarke University" across her chest. It turned out she was a junior at the school and gave me lots of insights into the Clark experience that I'd never have gotten from a Web site or guidebook. (Use good judgment, of course, when you approach strangers!)

Take a Virtual Tour

More schools are offering virtual tours now, and most include a lot more than video footage of campus. Prospective student can get a pretty good feel for the campus, student body, and may even be able to sit in on a class. To get the most out of a virtual campus tour, be sure to take notes and reach out to the admissions department with any questions.

Last But Not Least, Ask Your Guidance Counselor Why

Finally, if your guidance counselor provided you with a list of colleges to consider but never told you WHY, be sure to ask her (although maybe not this week as she's nagging the seniors finalize their applications). If any of her reasons sound especially compelling, you should bump that school to the top of the list … at least as you start your “research" phase.

When you begin to navigate this maze, keep in mind that the huge number of options out there can make the process seem very confusing, but also know that many of these options are likely to be good ones (with most offering committed teachers, interesting classmates, indoor tracks and swimming pools, buffet breakfasts and make-you-own sundae stations … what's not to like?).

There probably isn't a perfect college, so you just have to hone in on several that feel like the right fits for you.

Happy Hunting!

A version of this article appeared in April 2020. It was updated by CC Editorial in August 2021.

Want to know more about on choosing colleges and applying?

Written by

Sally Rubenstone

Sally Rubenstone

Sally Rubenstone knows the competitive and often convoluted college admission process inside out: From the first time the topic of college comes up at the dinner table until the last duffel bag is unloaded on a dorm room floor. She is the co-author of Panicked Parents' Guide to College Admissions; The Transfer Student's Guide to Changing Colleges and The International Student's Guide to Going to College in America. Sally has appeared on NBC's Today program and has been quoted in countless publications, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, USA Weekend, USA Today, U.S. News & World Report, Newsweek, People and Seventeen. Sally has viewed the admissions world from many angles: As a Smith College admission counselor for 15 years, an independent college counselor serving students from a wide range of backgrounds and the author of College Confidential's "Ask the Dean" column. She also taught language arts, social studies, study skills and test preparation in 10 schools, including American international schools in London, Paris, Geneva, Athens and Tel Aviv. As senior advisor to College Confidential since 2002, Sally has helped hundreds of students and parents navigate the college admissions maze. In 2008, she co-founded College Karma, a private college consulting firm, with her College Confidential colleague Dave Berry, and she continues to serve as a College Confidential advisor. Sally and her husband, Chris Petrides, became first-time parents in 1997 at the ripe-old age of 45. So Sally was nearly an official senior citizen when her son Jack began the college selection process, and when she was finally able to practice what she had preached for more than three decades.

More on Applying to College

See all
typing at computer- karolina-grabowska-6958506-resized

Authentic Voice in College Essays

That’s why you want to use your authentic voice when writing any college essay.

So what’s the problem? A student has shared an ess…


College Interview Prep Tips: Brainstorm, Research, Analyze, Generalize

I recently visited Washington University in Saint Louis and was lucky enough to set up an interview. By speaking with peers of mi…

campus gates

Academic Index Scores: Why They Matter and How They're Calculated

Note: Click here for 10 Summer Programs You Can Still Apply For or keep reading to learn more about academic index scores.

8 Podcasts for Students Going Through the Admissions Process

7 Podcasts for Students Going Through the Admissions Process

Podcasts can offer a wealth of information to busy students, particularly when it comes to the college admissions process. We…


Avoid College Application Regrets: Tips For Getting It Right the First Time

Decision Day occurs each year on May 1st and is the deadline for students to inform the college of their choice of their intent t…

Get a student loan that goes beyond tuition.

Ascent offers cosigned and non-cosigned student loans with exclusive benefits that set students up for success.

Explore Now!
Find Your Scholarship

Want to find money for school that doesn’t need to be paid back? Access insights and advice on how to search and apply for scholarships!

Search for Scholarship