ic S/general/checkmark circled Thanks for subscribing! Be on the lookout for our next newsletter.
ic S/general/checkmark circled Saved to Favorites.
Articles / Preparing for College / The Search for College Plagiarists

Sept. 15, 2015

The Search for College Plagiarists

Have you ever had a fleeting (or more serious) thought about claiming another person's work for yourself? It happens a lot, not just in college but also in the professional world.

I recall clearly an incident from my own 6th grade. Our history teacher, Mrs. Ammerman, wanted us to write an essay about the subject of "Americanism." For those of you who don't know what that is, here's a definition: "the qualities regarded as definitive of America or Americans."


While most of us struggled to come up with even a short paragraph that spoke to this broad topic, one of my neighborhood buddies showed up in class with a two-page, hand-printed response. We were all in awe of this guy because prior to this massively intellectual accomplishment, he was lucky to attend class on a regular basis.

Anyway, we all handed in our miserable analyses at the end of class and shuddered to think of how badly Mrs. A would trounce us the next day about the vapid quality of our writings. However, my buddy, the fast-emerging scholar, seemed proud of his accomplishment and was puzzled at our collective angst. We all wondered why he was so self-assured. The answer came the next day.

As we all settled into our seats at the start of Mrs. A's class, a sense of dread overspread us, but not my buddy, who seemed eager to reap his reward. Mrs. A entered the classroom and appeared curious about the absence of the usual clamor. We all noticed that she was carrying our compositions. The feared hour had arrived.

She sat down and assumed her usual imperious demeanor. Her scowl this time, though, seemed especially ominous. "Perhaps I didn't explain my assignment in enough detail," she began. "Many of you were in the right ballpark but didn't have your proper seat [one of her favorite sports-related metaphors]. However, I would like to call your attention to one response that deserves special note." Of course, we all knew which one that was -- my buddy's.

"Ken [my buddy], you went well beyond the call with your work," Mrs. A began. Ken sat up straight and tried to look humble. "Your two-page essay was four-to-six times longer than what your other classmates wrote." By this time, the buttons on Ken's shirt were having a hard time keeping his chest contained. "Unfortunately, you wrote about Americanization instead of Americanism." Ken's chest began to deflate.

"The bad news," Mrs. A continued ominously, "is that not only did you write about the wrong thing, you also copied your essay word-for-word from an article in the World Book encyclopedia. I know this for a fact because I checked!" Ken slid slowly under his desk. "You will get a zero for this assignment while I give the rest of the class a second chance to do it." And then she stood up, shook her fist, and spoke loudly the words I shall never forget:

"I will not tolerate plagiarism!!!"

Plagiarism. Let's define our terms:

the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own

Okay, so you're either in college or headed there. So why am I dredging up an ancient anecdote and making a big deal about plagiarism? Answer: Turnitin (and other anti-plagiarism software) lurk behind those ivy walls.

Is this something you should be worried about, as you deal with the avalanche of writing assignments in college, grad school, and beyond? Here are some comments that might help you decide:

Turnitin And The Debate Over Anti-Plagiarism Software

Students are heading back to campus. And when they finish writing that first paper of the year, a growing number will have to do something their parents never did: run their work through anti-plagiarism software.

One company behind it is called Turnitin. And the database it uses to screen for potential plagiarism is big. Really, really big.

Chris Harrick, Turnitin's vice president of marketing, describes it this way: "Automatically, that paper gets checked against about 45 billion web pages; 110 million content items from publishers, scientific journals, et cetera; and 400 million student papers to provide an originality report."

Harrick says the company is now used by more than half of all higher ed institutions in the U.S. and by roughly a quarter of all high schools. Turnitin isn't the only company doing this, but it is the biggest.

How It Works

Here's how it works: A student submits a paper through Turnitin's website. The company's algorithms then compare strings of text against its massive database. And, as Harrick said, it doesn't just check the Internet. Most of the papers, once they've been run through the system and scrubbed of student names, actually stay in the system.

When all the comparing is done, the teacher gets a report that gives the percentage of the paper that matched other sources. The report never says: This is plagiarism. Just: This is similar.

One complaint is that the filter turns up false positives. The report color-codes suspect passages and gives links to the material they matched, so a teacher can decide for herself. Instead of the old way ...

"I would basically have to do Google searches," says Jennifer Schroeder, an associate professor of biology at Millikin University, in Decatur, Ill. She has embraced Turnitin in a big way — and not just to save time.

"I saw a lot of cases of students that just simply didn't know what to do," Schroeder says. They didn't understand the rules of proper citation. ...

Penn State University is one of the schools that uses Turnitin. Here are some comments from a professor about that:

Instructor Discusses Turnitin for Paperless Grading

Margaret Christian, an associate professor of English, at Penn State Lehigh Valley talks about her experiences using Turnitin to facilitate paperless grading.

Christian, who has been using GradeMark [GradeMark is a commenting tool instructors may use when grading papers in Desire2Learn. The tool exists through Turnitin, which is a plagiarism protection tool used with Dropbox submissions] since last February, said the one great thing about the tool is that it allows her students to go right to the paper feedback folder and view and respond to her feedback. With GradeMark, there is no extra clicking for uploading feedback files, Christian said. Turnitin allows the instructor to save feedback in the same place the student uploaded the writing assignment, and there is an audio record function within the tool.

According to Christian, the rubric function is great as well. “It makes it very easy to grade; you don't have to sit there and ponder, eh, is it a C or a C+?" Christian said. “Because you've quantified everything, and the students have a much clearer idea of where they need to focus their efforts."

***

Turnitin. GradeMark. Desire2Learn.

Encountering all this automated software reminded me of what Stephen Hawking said:

"The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race." ... “Computers will overtake humans with AI [artificial intelligence] at some point within the next 100 years. When that happens, we need to make sure the computers have goals aligned with ours."

***

Things are looking up, eh? [That's pure sarcasm, in case you missed it.] Well, here's the point, for current and future college students: Be warned that ever-increasing AI software is watching your work. Don't take the easy way out and copy from existing sources. Be original!

Privacy is the final frontier and, in my opinion, the incursions made into our deepening dependence on the Internet and social media, along with the tangled tendrils therein, leave us more and more exposed to the inquiring minds of those who will judge (and grade) us.

So, remember Mrs. Ammerman's admonition. Don't be a copycat!

**********

Be sure to see my other college-related articles on College Confidential.

Tags

Admit This

Written by

Dave Berry

Dave Berry

Dave is co-founder of College Confidential and College Karma Consulting, co-author of America's Elite Colleges: The Smart Buyer's Guide to the Ivy League and Other Top Schools, and has over 30 years of experience helping high schoolers gain admission to Ivy League and other ultra-selective schools. He is an expert in the areas application strategies, stats evaluation, college matching, student profile marketing, essays, personality and temperament assessments and web-based admissions counseling. Dave is a graduate of The Pennsylvania State University and has won national awards for his writing on higher education issues, marketing campaigns and communications programs. He brings this expertise to the discipline of college admissions and his role as a student advocate. His College Quest newspaper page won the Newspaper Association of America's Program Excellence Award, the Pennsylvania Newspaper Publisher's Association Newspapers in Education Award, the Thomson Newspapers President's Award for Marketing Excellence and the Inland Press Association-University of Kentucky School of Journalism and Mass Communications Inland Innovation Award for the Best New Page. His pioneering journalism program for teenagers, PRO-TEENS, also received national media attention. In addition, Dave won the Newspaper Association of America's Program Excellence Award for Celebrate Diversity!, a program teaching junior high school students about issues of tolerance. His College Knowledge question-and-answer columns have been published in newspapers throughout the United States. Dave loves Corvettes, classical music, computers, and miniature dachshunds. He and his wife Sharon have a daughter, son and four grandchildren.

More on Preparing for College

pexels-miles-hardacre-2404371.jpg

Cultivating Emotional Resilience in Stressful Times

How many adjectives can you think of to describe life since COVID-19 ushered us into this “new abnormal”?

Anguishing, demanding, d…

AdobeStock_251588845 (1).jpeg

Alternatives to College: Exploring Other Routes

We don’t need to belabor the point that this generation of teens is tired, depressed, and burnt out. You already know that. If yo…

National Merit Scholarships: Top Questions Answered

National Merit Scholarships: Top Questions Answered

The National Merit Scholarship Program began in 1955 as a way to recognize and provide scholarships to exceptional high-school st…

Will a 208 Qualify Me for a National Merit Scholarship?

Will a 208 Qualify Me for a National Merit Scholarship?

Question: I got a 208 on my PSAT. Is that score high enough to qualify me for National Merit Scholarships in Illinois?

As you may …

Girl_holding_textbooks.jpg

AP or IB: Which Do Colleges Prefer?

Some high schools offer both AP and IB classes. Having the option to choose is great, but knowing which classes to take can leave…

A-Z College Forums

Browse the College Forums
C1E9D4E7-C4C9-4B28-8946-8F441A6D62B3

Find Your Best Fit

Find your best fit college and track your favorite colleges.