Colleges do not compare students at one high school — and the number of AP classes they've taken — head to head with students from other schools. Admission officials evaluate candidates in the context of the courses offerings at their own schools, and they consider the curriculum policies as well. The college folks typically know whether a high school restricts the AP or other advanced classes that a student can take. Such policies are spelled out in the “School Profile" that accompanies each transcript sent to admission offices. You can look at your daughter's School Profile to see if the AP policy is included. (The Profile may be online; if not, ask the guidance staff.) Since the AP policy is new, it may not be. And if that's the case, you should suggest to the guidance director that the Profile is revised, and also request that your daughter's counselor explain this new protocol in her recommendation later.
If your daughter is applying to that handful of hyper-selective places where missing out on AP Physics, when it's offered at her high school, might indeed be a liability, then the sub-B grade that she earned in her initial physics class will probably hurt her more than having one fewer notch on her AP belt. At the majority of colleges, however, the lack of an AP Physics class will not be a deal-breaker, especially if your daughter's course choices are rigorous overall. Eleven APs is a very high number!
As a former teacher myself, I actually agree with the new rule at your daughter's school. Allowing all interested students to enroll in demanding Advanced Placement classes puts undue stress on the students who are not fully prepared for the class, and it's also unfair to make other students endure repeated explanations after they've already grasped the material. On the other hand, I do feel that there should be an opportunity for students to appeal AP exclusions. For instance, if your daughter's grade in her first physics course was affected by illness, absences, family problems, etc. and she now feels ready to tackle the AP class, you can certainly explain the extenuating circumstances and lobby for reconsideration. However, you would be doing your daughter a disservice unless she's convinced that she can hold her own in the AP section.
“The Dean" thinks that transferring to another school for senior year is a terrible idea unless your daughter is miserable at her current one. It will raise a huge red flag for admission committees, who are likely to suspect that there's something else going on besides the AP limits, even if that's not true. And if they do buy the AP explanation, it will not reflect well on your daughter when they learn that she moved to a new school just to build up an already well-stocked AP arsenal. Transferring for just one year will also make it hard for your daughter to take on the leadership roles that many seniors hold and that most selective college admission officials expect.
My advice instead is to take a deep breath ... and maybe something stronger ... and stop worrying about this issue. Only push the AP Physics appeal if your daughter is truly gung-ho to tackle the tough class and not because you are convinced that her college future depends on it ... because it doesn't.
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