Answers to the 1999 AP Bio Exam





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Discus: SAT/ACT Tests and Test Preparation: April 2004 Archive: Answers to the 1999 AP Bio Exam
By Mike28 (Mike28) on Sunday, March 21, 2004 - 07:35 pm: Edit

Anyone have these? I'd be willing to throw you some money on paypal if so.

By Simplyloved (Simplyloved) on Sunday, March 28, 2004 - 12:47 am: Edit

1999 AP Bio MC

BIOLOGY
SECTION 1
Time- 1 hour and 30 minutes

Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case and then fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet.

Which point on the curve in the diagram above best represents the carrying capacity of the environment for the population shown?
(A) A
(B) B
(C) C
(D) D
(E) E
Assume that genes A and B are not linked. If the probability of allele A in a gamete is 1/2 and the probability of allele B in a gamete is 1/2, then the probability that both A and B are in the same gamete is
(F) 1/2 x 1/2
(G) 1/2 + 1/2
(H) 1/2 / 1/2
(I) (1/2)1/2
(J) |1/2 – 1/2|
A couple has five children, all sons. If the woman gives birth to a sixth child, what is the probability that the sixth child will be a son?
(K) 5/6
(L) 1/2
(M) 1/5
(N) 1/6
(O) 1/64
All of the following are true about the Earth’s ozone layer EXCEPT:
(P) It shields Earth from most ultraviolet radiation.
(Q) It is composed of O3
(R) Its thickness has remained constant over time.
(S) CFC (chlorofluocarbon) molecules can destroy ozone molecules.
(T) It is predicted that a reduction of this layer will result in an increase in human skin cancer.
Which of the following organelles modifies and packages for secretion the materials produced by the ribosomes?
(U) the chloroplast
(V) the Golgi apparatus
(W) the nucleus
(X) the nucleolus
(Y) the mitochondrion
Which of the following types of behavior describes the way that mice find their way through mazes?
(Z) habituation
(AA) imprinting
(BB) reasoning
(CC) instinct
(DD) trial and error
A student using a light microscope observes a cell and correctly decides that it is a plant cell because
(EE) ribosomes are visible
(FF) an endoplasmic reticulum can be seen
(GG) a cell membrane is present
(HH) it has a large central vacuole
(II) centrioles are present
The condition in which there are barriers to successful interbreeding between individuals of different species in the same community is referred to as
(JJ) Latent variations
(KK) Sterility
(LL) Structural differences
(MM) Geographic isolation
(NN) Reproductive isolation
Which of the following best describes the parents in a testcross?
(OO) One individual has the dominant phenotype and the other has the recessive phenotype.
(PP) Both individuals are heterozygous.
(QQ) Both individuals have the dominant phenotype.
(RR) Both individuals have the recessive phenotype.
(SS) Both individuals have an unknown phenotype.
Members of which of the following are the major primary producers in the marine ecosystem?
(TT) Yeasts
(UU) Sponges
(VV) Sporozoans
(WW) Fshes
(XX) Diatoms
In sheep, eye color is controlled by a single gene with two alleles. When a homozygous brown-eyed sheep is crossed wit ha homozygous green-eyed sheep, blue-eyed offspring are produced. If the blue-eyed sheep are mated with each other, what percent of the offspring will most likely have brown eyes?
(YY) 0%
(ZZ) 25%
(AAA) 50%
(BBB) 75%
(CCC) 100%
Gas exchange in all living organisms requires
(DDD) Gills
(EEE) Lungs
(FFF) Tracheoles
(GGG) Moist membranes
(HHH) Blood
Which of the following best supports the statement that mitochondria are decendants of endosymbiotic bacteria-like cells?
(III) Mitochondria and bacteria possess similar ribosomes and DNA.
(JJJ) Mitochondria and bacteria possess similar nuclei.
(KKK) Glycolysis occurs in both mitochondria and bacteria.
(LLL) Both mitochondria and bacteria have microtubules.
(MMM) Neither mitochondria nor bacteria possess chloroplasts.
A + B + energy ® AB
Which of the following best characterizes the reaction represented above?
(NNN) Hydrolysis
(OOO) Catabolism
(PPP) Oxidation-reduction
(QQQ) Exergonic reaction
(RRR) Endergonic reaction
Which of the following occurs during mitosis but not during meiosis I?
(SSS) The chromosomes are pulled to opposite poles of the spindle apparatus.
(TTT) The chromatids of each chromosome are separated.
(UUU) The nuclear envelope breaks down.
(VVV) Both synapse and crossing-over take place.
(WWW) The diploid number of chromosomes is reduced to the haploid number.
Oxygen consumption can be used as a measure of metabolic rate because oxygen is
(XXX) Necessary for ATP synthesis by oxidative phosphorylattion.
(YYY) Necessary to replenish glycogen levels.
(ZZZ) Necessary for fermentation to take place.
(AAAA) Required by all living organisms.
(BBBB) Required to break down the ethanol that is produced in muscles.
Membranes are components of all of the following EXCEPT a
(CCCC) Microtubule
(DDDD) Nucleus
(EEEE) Golgi apparatus
(FFFF) Mitochondrion
(GGGG) Lysosome
In a mesophyll cell of a leaf, the synthesis of ATP occurs in which of the following?
i. Ribosomes
ii. Mitochondria
iii. Chloroplasts
i only
ii only
iii only
ii and iii only
i, ii, and iii
Which of the following pairs of functional groups characterizes the structure of an amino acid?

Which of the following statements best expresses the concept of punctuated equilibrium?
(HHHH) Small variations gradually accumulate in evolving lineages over periods of millions of years.
(IIII) Random mating ensures that the proportions of genotypes in a population remain unchanged from generation to generation.
(JJJJ) Stability is achieved when selection favors the heterozygote, while both types of homozygotes are at a relative disadvantage.
(KKKK) Evolutionary changes consist of rapid bursts of speciation alternating with long periods in which species remain essentially unmodified.
(LLLL) Under competition for identical resources, one of the two competing species will be eliminated or excluded.
In animals, all of the following are associated with embryonic development EXCEPT
(MMMM) Migration of cells to specific areas
(NNNN) Formation of germ layers
(OOOO) Activation of all the genes in each cell
(PPPP) Inductive tissue interactions
(QQQQ) Cell division at a relatively rapid rate
Which of the following exists in RNA surrounded by a protein coat?
(RRRR) Retrovirus
(SSSS) Prion
(TTTT) Prokaryote
(UUUU) Spirochete
(VVVV) Streptococcus
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells generally have which of the following features in common?
(WWWW) A membrane-bound nucleus
(XXXX) A cell wall made of cellulose
(YYYY) Ribosomes
(ZZZZ) Flagella or cilia that contain microtubules
(AAAAA) Linear chromosomes made of DNA and protein
Which of the following is primarily responsible for cell elongation, gravitropism, and apical dominance in plants?
(BBBBB) Auxin
(CCCCC) Gibberenin
(DDDDD) Cytokinin
(EEEEE) Phytochrome
(FFFFF) Ethylene
A large stand of aspen trees may be a group of genetically identical individuals produced by vegetative reproduction. Such a collection of individuals is called a
(GGGGG) Family
(HHHHH) Hybrid
(IIIII) Clone
(JJJJJ) Genus
(KKKKK) Community
Which of the following groups contains prokaryotic organisms capable of surviving the greatest extremes in temperature or salt concentration/
(LLLLL) Protista
(MMMMM) Archeabacteria
(NNNNN) Plantae
(OOOOO) Fungi
(PPPPP) Viruses
Which of the following is LEAST likely to result in a release of epinephrine (adrenaline) from the adrenal glands?
(QQQQQ) Competing in an athletic event
(RRRRR) Going out on a first date
(SSSSS) Falling asleep during a lecture
(TTTTT) Swimming in a very cold pool
(UUUUU) Taking a test while unprepared
In peas the trait for tall plants is dominant (T) and the trait for short peas is recessive (t). The trait for yellow seed color is dominant (Y) and the trait for green seed color is recessive (y). A cross between two plants results in 296 tall yellow plants and 104 tall green plants. Which of the following are most likely to be the genotypes of the parents?
(VVVVV) TTYY x TTYY
(WWWWW) Ttyy x TTYy
(XXXXX) TtYy x TtYy
(YYYYY) TtYy x TTYy
(ZZZZZ) TtYY x Ttyy
Which of the following is best observed by using a compound light microscope/
(AAAAAA) A eukaryotic cell
(BBBBBB) A virus
(CCCCCC) A DNA sequence
(DDDDDD) The inner structure of a mitochondrion
(EEEEEE) A nuclear pore
Plant stems bend toward a light source as a result of increased
(FFFFFF) Chlorophyll synthesis on the side of the stem near the light source
(GGGGGG) Cell division of the side of the stem near the light source
(HHHHHH) Cell division on the side of the stem away from the light source
(IIIIII) Cell elongation on the side of the stem near the light source
(JJJJJJ) Cell elongation on the side of the stem away from the light source
All of the following are typical components of the plasma membrane of a eukaryotic cell EXCEPT
(KKKKKK) Glycoproteins
(LLLLLL) Cytochromes
(MMMMMM) Cholesterol
(NNNNNN) Phospholipids
(OOOOOO) Integral proteins
The rate of division of most vertebrate cells is LEAST likely to be influenced by which of the following?
(PPPPPP) Contact with other cells
(QQQQQQ) The availability of nutrients
(RRRRRR) Compounds that inhibit protein synthesis
(SSSSSS) The cell’s photoperiod
(TTTTTT) The temperature of the organism
The gametophyte is the dominant generation in which of the following plants?
(UUUUUU) Dicots
(VVVVVV) Monocots
(WWWWWW) Gymnosperms
(XXXXXX) Ferns
(YYYYYY) Mosses
Nuclear division in which the chromosome number is reduced from 2n to n is part of the life cycle of all of the following organisms EXCEPT
(ZZZZZZ) Molds
(AAAAAAA) Ferns
(BBBBBBB) Insects
(CCCCCCC) Bacteria
(DDDDDDD) Protozoans
The driving force for the movement of materials in the phloem of plants is
(EEEEEEE) Gravity
(FFFFFFF) A difference in osmotic potential between the source and the sink
(GGGGGGG) Root pressure
(HHHHHHH) Transpiration of water through the stomates
(IIIIIII) Adhesion of water to vessel elements
In plants, the initiation of flowering in response to photoperiod is triggered by changes in
(JJJJJJJ) Ethylene
(KKKKKKK) Auxin
(LLLLLLL) Gibberellic acid
(MMMMMMM) Phytochrome
(NNNNNNN) Cytokinin
Carbon dioxide is transported in human blood primarily in which of the following ways?
(OOOOOOO) As oxyhemoglobin
(PPPPPPP) As bicarbonate ions
(QQQQQQQ) Attached to plasma proteins
(RRRRRRR) Attached to amino groups of hemoglobin
(SSSSSSS) Attached to the heme groups of hemoglobin
A tobacco plant can be made to express a gene from fireflies, resulting in the emission of light. Which of the following is the basis for this phenomenon?
(TTTTTTT) Chloroplasts can be made to produce light if firefly proteins are injected into plant cells
(UUUUUUU) Fireflies and tobacco plants share a recent ancestor
(VVVVVVV) Fireflies and tobacco plants are infected by the same kinds of bacteria
(WWWWWWW) Transcription and translation are fundamentally similar in both fireflies and tobacco plants
(XXXXXXX) Most enzymes in fireflies have the same amino acid sequence as the enzymes in tobacco plants
All of the following were likely present on the primitive Earth during the evolution of self-replicating molecules EXCEPT
(YYYYYYY) Amino acids and nucleotides
(ZZZZZZZ) Nitrogen
(AAAAAAAA) Simple carbohydrates
(BBBBBBBB) Freestanding liquid water
(CCCCCCCC) An O2 rich atmosphere
Which of the following characterizes glomerular filtrate, the fluid that passes from the blood in te glomerulus into the tubule of the nephron?
(DDDDDDDD) It is clear in appearance and contains no glucose
(EEEEEEEE) It is a concentrated solution of waste products
(FFFFFFFF) It is identical to blood plasma
(GGGGGGGG) It is blood plasma that lacks most proteins
(HHHHHHHH) It is whole blood
During respiration, most ATP is formed as a direct result of the net movement of
(IIIIIIII) Potassium against a concentration gradient
(JJJJJJJJ) Protons down a concentration gradient
(KKKKKKKK) Electrons against a concentration gradient
(LLLLLLLL) Electrons through a channel
(MMMMMMMM) Sodium ions into the cell
Which of the following groups is best characterized as being eukaryotic and heterotrophic and having chitinous cell walls?
(NNNNNNNN) Plantae
(OOOOOOOO) Animalia
(PPPPPPPP) Fungi
(QQQQQQQQ) Virus
(RRRRRRRR) Monera
In humans, red-green color blindness is a sex-linked recessive trait. If a man and a woman produce a color-blind son, which of the following must be true?
(SSSSSSSS) The father is color-blind
(TTTTTTTT) Both parents carry the allele for color blindness
(UUUUUUUU) Neither parent carries the allele for color blindness
(VVVVVVVV) The father carries the allele for color blindness
(WWWWWWWW) The mother carries the allele for color blindness
In a small group of people living in a remote area, there is a high incidence of “blue skin”, a condition that results from a variation in the structure of hemoglobin. All of the “blue-skinned” residents can trace their ancestry to one couple, who were among the original settlers of this region. The unusually high frequency of “blue skin” in the area is an example of
(XXXXXXXX) Mutation
(YYYYYYYY) Genetic drift
(ZZZZZZZZ) Natural selection
(AAAAAAAAA) Sexual selection
(BBBBBBBBB) Heterozygote advantage
Which of the following processes is carried out more efficiently by a C4 plant than by a C3 plant?
(CCCCCCCCC) Light absorption
(DDDDDDDDD) Chemiosmotic coupling
(EEEEEEEEE) Photolysis
(FFFFFFFFF) Fixation of CO2
(GGGGGGGGG) Transport of sugar
A number of different phylogenies (evolutionary trees) have been proposed by scientists. These phylogenies are useful because they can be used to
(HHHHHHHHH) Determine when two similar populations of a species evolved into two separate species
(IIIIIIIII) Evaluate which groups of organisms may be closely related
(JJJJJJJJJ) Demonstrate that all photosynthetic organisms are members of the Kingdom Plantae
(KKKKKKKKK) Demonstrate that natural section is the prevailing force in evolution
(LLLLLLLLL) Demonstrate which taxa (groups of organisms) contain the most highly evolved species
Which of the following characteristics is common to all vascular plants that exhibit an alternation of generations in their life cycle?
(MMMMMMMMM) Large, independent gametophytes
(NNNNNNNNN) Multicellular sporophytes
(OOOOOOOOO) Fertilization in water
(PPPPPPPPP) Diploid spores
(QQQQQQQQQ) Seed production
The rate flow of water through the xylem is regulated by
(RRRRRRRRR) Passive transport by the pith
(SSSSSSSSS) The force of transpirational pull
(TTTTTTTTT) The number of companion cells in the phloem
(UUUUUUUUU) Active transport by the sieve-tube members
(VVVVVVVVV) Active transport by tracheid and vessel cells
Which of the following pathways for the transformation of cellular energy most likely evolved first?
(WWWWWWWWW) Cyclic photophosphorylation
(XXXXXXXXX) Citric acid (Krebs) cycle
(YYYYYYYYY) Calvin cycle
(ZZZZZZZZZ) C4 photosynthesis
(AAAAAAAAAA) Glycolysis
Gibberellic acid stimulates the cells of germinating grass seeds to produce mRNA molecules that code for hydrolytic enzymes. In this case the role of gibberellic acid can best be described as that of
(BBBBBBBBBB) A regulator of gene activity
(CCCCCCCCCC) A stimulator of hydrolase secretion
(DDDDDDDDDD) A stimulator of DNA replication
(EEEEEEEEEE) An allosteric activator of hydrolase
(FFFFFFFFFF) An activator of translation
Which of the following is the most likely explanation for a high rate of crossing-over between two genes?
(GGGGGGGGGG) The two genes are far apart on the same chromosome
(HHHHHHHHHH) The two genes are both located near the centromere
(IIIIIIIIII) The two genes are sex-linked
(JJJJJJJJJJ) The two genes code for the same protein
(KKKKKKKKKK) The two genes are on different chromosomes
On a sunny day, the closing of stomata in plant leaves results in
(LLLLLLLLLL) A decrease in CO2 intake
(MMMMMMMMMM) A shift from C3 photosynthesis to C4 photosynthesis
(NNNNNNNNNN) An increase in transpiration
(OOOOOOOOOO) An increase in the concentration of CO2 in mesophyll cells
(PPPPPPPPPP) An increase in the rate of the production of starch
Which of the following principles is NOT part of Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection?
(QQQQQQQQQQ) Evolution is a gradual process that occurs over long periods of time
(RRRRRRRRRR) Variation occurs among individuals in a population
(SSSSSSSSSS) Mutations are the ultimate source of genetic variation
(TTTTTTTTTT) More individuals are born than will survive
(UUUUUUUUUU) Individuals that possess the most favorable variations have the best chance of reproducing
In certain Native American groups, albinism due to a homozygous recessive condition in the biochemical pathway for melanin is sometimes seen. If the frequency of the allele for this condition is 0.06, which of the following is closest to the frequency of the dominant allele in this population? (Assume that the population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.)
(VVVVVVVVVV) 0.04
(WWWWWWWWWW) 0.06
(XXXXXXXXXX) 0.16
(YYYYYYYYYY) 0.36
(ZZZZZZZZZZ) 0.94
A biologist isolates numerous tiny, green-pigmented cells from a sample of lake water. The cells are covered with a mucilaginous sheath. They contain relatively large amounts of chlorophyll a and phycobilin pigments and lack a compact, organized nucleus. Electron microscopy will reveal that these cells also contain which of the following pairs of subcellular structures?
(AAAAAAAAAAA) Ribosomes and chloroplasts
(BBBBBBBBBBB) Ribosomes and mitochondria
(CCCCCCCCCCC) Golgi bodies and a cell wall
(DDDDDDDDDDD) Thylakoids and a cell wall
(EEEEEEEEEEE) Chloroplasts and mitochondria

In the pedigree above, squares represent males and circles represent females. Individuals who express a particular trait are represented by shaded figures. Which of the following patterns of inheritance best explains the transmission of the trait?
(FFFFFFFFFFF) Sex-linked dominant
(GGGGGGGGGGG) Sex-linked recessive
(HHHHHHHHHHH) Autosomal recessive
(IIIIIIIIIII) Autosomal dominant
(JJJJJJJJJJJ) Incompletely dominant
Which of the following is an example of active transport across a membrane?
(KKKKKKKKKKK) The movement of water from a nephron into the collecting duct of the kidney
(LLLLLLLLLLL) The movement of glucose by facilitated diffusion into a liver cell
(MMMMMMMMMMM) The movement of water from the inside of a cell into a surrounding hypertonic medium
(NNNNNNNNNNN) The movement of Na+ into a neuron as a nerve impulse is generated
(OOOOOOOOOOO) The movement of H+ into a thylakiod disc during photosynthesis
Which of the following is the most direct result of the presence of acid chtme in the small intestine?
(PPPPPPPPPPP) The liver produces insulin
(QQQQQQQQQQQ) The pancreas produces hydrolytic enzymes
(RRRRRRRRRRR) The stomach produces pepsin
(SSSSSSSSSSS) The intestinal lining produces the hormone secretin
(TTTTTTTTTTT) The gall bladder releases bile
Many parasitic flatworms have an intermediate host. This indicates that the
(UUUUUUUUUUU) Flatworms cannot infect humans
(VVVVVVVVVVV) Larval flatworms infect one species, whereas adults infect another species
(WWWWWWWWWWW) Larval flatworms infect only juveniles of a species
(XXXXXXXXXXX) Flatworm adults are microscopic
(YYYYYYYYYYY) Flatworm larvae are parasitic on their parents
60. Red algae can grow at greater ocean depths than most other algae can because red alga
are:
specialized for absorbing red wavelengths of light for photosynthesis
specialized for absorbing ultraviolet wavelengths of light for photosynthesis
specialized for absorbing blue wavelengths of light for photosynthesis
unable to use chlorophyll for photosynthesis
adapted for chemosynthesis, rather than photosynthesis


61. Which of the following cellular processes is coupled with the hydrolysis of ATP?
Facilitated diffusion
Active transport
Chemiosmosis
Osmosis
Na+ influx into a nerve cell

Item 62 was not scored.

63. Which of the following cells would most likely have the greatest concentration of densely packed rough endoplasmic reticulum?
An amoeba engulfing small ciliates
A bioluminescent bacterial cell
A pancreatic cell engaged in the production of digestive enzymes
A functional phloem cell at maturity
An epithelial cell whose CAN is replicating before mitosis

64. In which of the following pairs are the organisms most closely related taxonomically?
Mushroom… oak tree
Spider… crayfish
Bacterium… paramecium
Sea star (starfish)… clam
Rosebush… diatom


Directions: Each group of questions below consists of five lettered headings followed by a list of numbered phrases or sentences. For each numbered phrase or sentence select the one heading that is most closely related to it and fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet. Each heading may be used once, more than once, or not at all in each group.

Questions 65-68 refer to the following graph. The solid curve and the dashed curve represent alternate pathways for the same reaction. One pathway is enzyme catalyzed.

65. Represents the activation energy of the enzyme-catalyzed reaction.

66. Represents the net energy change of the reaction.

67. Represents the energy state of the products of the enzyme-catalyzed pathway.

68. Represents the energy state of the products of the pathway that is not enzyme-catalyzed.


Questions 69-73 refer to the following diagram of angiosperm reproduction.

69. Root meristem

70. Male gametophyte

71. Triploid nutritive tissue (endosperm)

72. Seed coat

73. Apical meristem of the shoot


Questions 74-77

Testis
Lining of small intestine
Anterior pituitary
Thyroid
Pancreas

74. Releases hormones that control blood sugar levels by stimulating glycogen formation or breakdown

75. Secretes steroid hormones that affect secondary sex characteristics

76. Releases hormones that increase the rate of cellular respiration throughout the body

77. Secretes the hormones FSH and LH, which control ovulation.


Questions 78-81

Deciduous forest
Tropical rain forest
Desert
Tundra
Taiga

78. Long, cold, moist winters and short summers are typical of this biome dominated by gymnosperms.

79. A prolonged, relatively mild period with ample precipitation alternates with a cold period when plants become dormant.

80. This biome has the greatest diversity of species.

81. This biome is dominated by dwarf shrubs, grasses, and sedges that can tolerate long dark winters.


Questions 82-86

A) Glycolysis
B) Krebs cycle (citric acid cycle)
C) Calvin cycle (light –independent reactions of photosynthesis)
D) Light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis
E. Chemiosmosis

82. Process in which O2 is released as a by-product of oxidation-reduction reactions.

83. Process in which CO2 is released as a by-product of oxidation-reduction reactions.

84. Process in which carbon from CO2 is incorporated into organic molecules.

85. Process found in both photosynthesis and cellular respiration.

86. Process in which sugar is oxidized to pyruvic acid.


Questions 87-91

Annelida
Mollusca
Arthropoda
Echinodermata
Chordata

87. Bilaterally symmetrical; deuterostome; dorsal hollow nerve cord

88. coelomate; exoskeleton; jointed appendages

89. Pharyngeal slits; endoskeleton derived from mesoderm; ventral heart

90. Internal calcareous skeleton; deuterostome; water-vascular system

91. Closed circulatory system; protostome; many body segments


Questions 92-95

Transcription
Translation
Transformation
Replication
Reverse transcription

92. Process in which a protein is assembled at a ribosome

93. Process in which naked DNA is taken up by a bacterial or yeast cell.

94. Process that results in the production of cDN, from an RNA molecule.

95. Process in which RNA is produced by using a DNA template.


Directions: Each group of question below concerns an experimental or laboratory situation or data. In each case, first study thee description of the situation or data. Then choose the on best answer to each question following it and fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet.

Questions 96-99

A scientist is using an ampicillin-sensiitive strain of bacteria that cannot use lactose because it has a nonfunctional gene in the lac operon. She has to plasmids. One contains a functional copy of the affected gene of the lac operon, and the other contains the gene for ampicillin resistance. Using restriction enzymes and DNA ligase, she forms a recombinant plasmid containing both genes. She then adds a high concentration of the plasmid to a tube off the bacteria in a medium for bacterial growth that contains glucose as thee only energy source. This tube (+) and a control tube (-) with similar bacteria but no plasmid are both incubated under the appropriate conditions for growth and plasmid uptake. The scientist then spreads a sample of each bacterial culture (+ and - ) on each of the three types of plates indicated below.


96. If no new mutations occur, it would be most reasonable to expect bacterial growth on which of the following plates?
A) 1 and 2 only
B) 3 and 4 only
C) 5 and 6 only
D) 4, 5, and 6 only
E) 1, 2, 3, and 4 only


97. The scientist used restriction enzymes for what purpose in the experiment>
To make the plasmid small enough to transform cells
To make cuts in the plasmid DNA
To make the plasmid enter the cells
To enable the fragments of DNA to form covalent bonds
To enable the plasmid to recognize the bacterial cells.

98.If he scientist had forgotten to used DNA ligase during the preparation of the recombinant plasmid, bacterial growth would most likely have occurred on which of the following?
A) 1 and 2 only
B) 1 and 4 only
C) 4 and 5 only
D) 1, 2, and 3 only
E) 4, 5, and 6 only


99. If the scientist used the cultures to perform another experiment as shown above, using medium that contained lactose as the only energy source, growth would most likely occur on which of the following plates?
10 only
7 and 8 only
7 and 9 only
8 and 10 only
9 and 10 only


Questions 100-101

In a study of the development off frogs, groups of cells in the germ layers of several embryos in the early gastrula stage were stained with five different dyes that do not harm living tissue. After organogenesis (organ formation), the location off the dyes was noted, as shown in the table below.


Tissue Stain
Brain Red
Notochord Yellow
Liver Green
Lens of the eye Blue
Lining of the digestive tract Purple


100. Ectoderm would eventually give rise to tissues containing which of the following colors?
Red and blue
Yellow and purple
Green and red
Green and yellow
Purple and green

101. Tissue stained with the purple dye were probably derived from:
the ectoderm only
the mesoderm only
the endoderm only
both the ectoderm and the mesoderm
both the endoderm and the mesoderm


Questions 102-103 refer to the birth of a child with blood type A to a mother with blood type B.

102. The father must have which of the following blood types?
AB only
Either AB or B
Either AB or O
Either AB or A
AB or A or O

103. If the father has blood type AB, which of thee following statements is correct about the mother?
She contributes an I-B allele, which is recessive to the father’s I-A allele.
She contributes an i allele, which is recessive to the father’s I-A allele.
She contributes an I-B allelle, which is codominant to the father’s I-A allele.
She contributes an i allele, which is codominant to the father’s I-B allele.
She is homozygous for the I-B allele.

Questions 104-106 refer to the following graphs.


The data in thee graphs above represent the frequency with which juveniles and adults of a species of fish are found at different water temperatures. Observations were mad of several juveniles in a laboratory tank and of three tagged adults in a reservoir during thee summer.

104. The most accurate conclusion to be drawn solely from the graphs is that
adult fish of this species are found more frequently in water at 22 degrees C than are juveniles
fish of this species are found most frequently in water at 20 degrees C
the optimum water temperature for fish of this species is 25 degrees C
the oxygen content of cool water is higher than that of warm water
the oxygen content of warm water is higher than that of cool water

105. Which of the following statements about the results is true?
They are invalid, because the data show too much variation.
They are invalid, because part of the experiment was not done in the laboratory.
They are inconclusive, because too few fish were used.
They are inaccurate, because tanks with temperature gradients were used.
They are improperly graphed, because the dependent variable is on the horizontal (x) axis.

106. The purpose of the study is most likely to
determine thee water temperature at which fish of this species spawn
determine thee role of fish of this species in the ecosystem
show that juveniles occur in smaller numbers than do adults of this species
demonstrate the effects of adult fish of this species on water temperature
study the relationship between water temperature and habitat selection in fish of this species


Questions 107-110 refer to the information and table below.

The following information was gathered from a study to determine the relationship between structure and function in the digestive tracts of several animals.


Mode of Nutriton Body Length Intestinal Length Intestinal Features Components of Digestive Tract Present Percentage of ingested Nutrients remaining in feces
1 Carnivore 0.01m 0.01m Extensive Branching Mouth, pharync, intestine 30% of ingested nutrients remaining
2 Carnivore 0.10m 0.13m Villi and folds in wall Mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestine, accessory organs, anus 15% of ingested nutrients remaining
3 Omnivore 1.83m 5.62m Villi and folds in wall Mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestine, accessory organs, anus 11% of ingested nutrients remaining
4 Herbivore 2.59m 7.92m Villi and folds in wall Mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestine, accessory organs, anus 4% of ingested nutrients remaining
5 Herbivore 1.98m 21.33m Villi and folds in wall Mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestine, accessory organs, anus 10% of ingested nutrients remaining

107. Which of the following can be correctly concluded about the relationship between intestinal length and body size for the organisms in the table?
Carnivores have greater intestinal length relative to body size than do herbivores.
Herbivores have greater intestinal length relative to body size than do carnivores.
Omnivores have greater intestinal length relative to body size than do either carnivores or herbivores.
The smaller the intestinal length relative to body size, the more nutrients are absorbed.
No relationship exists between intestinal length and mode of nutrition.

108. Which of the animals is most likely to have, living in specialized areas of its digestive tract, abundant symbiotic bacteria that break down food that the animal normally could not digest on its own?
1
2
3
4
5

109. Which animal has a gastrovascular cavity?
1
2
3
4
5

110. Which animal is most efficient in absorbing the food it consumes?
1
2
3
4
5


Questions 111-113 refer to an experiment that was performed to separate DNA fragments from four samples radioactively label with 32P. The fragments were separated by gel electrophoresis. The visualized bands are illustrated in the figure below..


111. The electrophoretic separation of the pieces of DNA in each of the four samples was achieved because of differential migration of the DNA fragments in an electric field. This differential migration was caused by the
relative amounts of radioactivity in the DNA
number of cleavage points per fragment
size of each fragment
overall positive charge off each fragment
solubility of each fragment

112. The DNA was labeled with 32P in order to
stimulate DNA replication
inhibit the uptake of unlabeled ATP
show which fragments included the 5’ end and which fragments included the 3’ end
visualize the fragments
speed up the rate of separation by electrophoresis

113. Which of the following is an additional use of the gel electrophoresis technique?
To express a gene
To separate proteins in a mixture
To ligate DNA fragments
To transform E. coli
To amplify genes


Questions 114-116 refer to an experiment in which a dialysis-tubing bag is filled with a mixture of 3% starch and 3% glucose and placed in a beaker of distilled water, as shown below. After 3 hours, glucose can be detected in the water outside the dialysis-tubing bag, but starch cannot.


114. From the initial conditions and results described, which of the following is a logical conclusion?
The initial concentration of glucose in the bag is higher than the initial concentration of starch in the bag.
The pores of the bag are larger than the glucose molecules but smaller than the starch molecules.
The bag is not selectively permeable.
A net movement of water into the beaker has occurred.
Thee molarity of the solution in the bag and the molarity of the solution in the surrounding beaker are the same.

115. Which of the following best describes the condition expected after 24 hours?
The bag will contain more water than it did in the original condition.
The contents of the bag will have the same osmotic concentration as the surrounding solution.
Water potential in the bag will be greater than water potential in the surrounding solution.
Starch molecules will continue to pass through the bag.
A glucose test on the solution in the bag will be negative.

116. If, instead of the bag, a potato slice were placed in the beaker of distilled water, which of the following would be true of the potato slice?
It would gain mass.
It would neither gain nor lose mass.
It would absorb solutes from the surrounding liquid.
It would lose water until water potential inside the cells is equal to zero.
The cells of the potato would increase their metabolic activity.


Questions 117-120. The graph below shows changes in a population of wild sheep that were introduced to the island of Tasmania in the early 1800’s.


117. The type of population growth represented by that portion of the graph line enclosed in the bracket is most accurately termed
stable
exponential
density-dependent
arithmetic
decelerating

118. The graph indicates that the sheep population most likely is
growing in excess of its carrying capacity, since fluctuations in population size occurred after 1850
headed for extinction because of the population explosion about 1930
regulated by density-independent factors because there appears to be about a 10-year cycle of sharp declines in size
shifting from a K-selected strategy to an r-selected strategy
stable after 1850 under the effects of density-dependent regulating factors

119. The dashed line on the graph represents the
maximum population size
average birth rate
biotic potential of the population
carrying capacity of the environment
point of maximum effect for density-independent factors

120. In the graph below, the solid line represents the original population. The dotted line on which graph best represents the sheep population that would have resulted from a sustained increase in the primary productivity of the environment?

By Flyguy (Flyguy) on Sunday, March 28, 2004 - 01:47 am: Edit

Wow! How'd you get those?

You obviously didn't type all that up.

By Aim78 (Aim78) on Sunday, March 28, 2004 - 02:14 am: Edit

Yeah, where DID you get these? Is there a website I can go to?

By Robert456 (Robert456) on Sunday, March 28, 2004 - 09:37 am: Edit

seriously, O my god you have to tell me.

By Tanman (Tanman) on Sunday, March 28, 2004 - 12:25 pm: Edit

Google to the rescue!

Quick search brought up link listed in profile under "Old AP Bio and Chem Questions". The site has four old AP Bio MC's and four old AP Chem MC's

By Cybernetica (Cybernetica) on Sunday, March 28, 2004 - 04:13 pm: Edit

http://edweb.tusd.k12.az.us/gwoon/1999%20AP%20Bio%20Multiple%20Choice.doc

http://206.110.20.140/users/thiele/web/apexam/

By Simplyloved (Simplyloved) on Sunday, March 28, 2004 - 04:16 pm: Edit

yeah, i googled it. glad to be of help. i have ap bio too, so i mainly got it for myself.

By Darkheaven (Darkheaven) on Tuesday, March 30, 2004 - 11:28 pm: Edit

hey do you know where you can find the test questions from each individual chapter and the answers, my teacher gives us a chance to make up the wrong answers but only gives us 1/4 credit and i really need it with my grade right now. thanks.

By Simplyloved (Simplyloved) on Wednesday, March 31, 2004 - 08:27 am: Edit

chapter? from what book?

By Antique (Antique) on Tuesday, April 06, 2004 - 06:25 pm: Edit

Oh wow! Thanks a lot!

By Aim78 (Aim78) on Tuesday, April 06, 2004 - 08:07 pm: Edit

The Campbell book has the self quiz answers in the Appendix.

By Altsuperhero (Altsuperhero) on Wednesday, April 07, 2004 - 11:34 pm: Edit

wow ... and i thought posting ap exam questions was a breach of contract or w/e ...

yeah ... the collegeboard secret police have scoured c.c. before ... at least that's what the rumor mill about the ap us is spewing out

By Altsuperhero (Altsuperhero) on Wednesday, April 07, 2004 - 11:41 pm: Edit

oops ... didn't realize that these tests were already released by collegeboard


sorry

By Darkheaven (Darkheaven) on Thursday, April 08, 2004 - 07:52 pm: Edit

sry i don't have the book with me at the moment cause i left it a school for spring break, tuesday i will be able to get you the name on tuesday right now all i know is its the fourth edition and i've been able to find the answers up until chapter 30 but we've reached past that up to chapter 40 and so on so if you could find it with this information that would be alot of help the name might be MacGrawhill or something


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