ANALOGIES





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Discus: SAT/ACT Tests and Test Preparation: October 2003 Archive: ANALOGIES
By 31337 (31337) on Wednesday, October 08, 2003 - 02:57 pm: Edit

Could somebody be kind enough to explain the following ?

1 INCITE:INSTIGATION

A)propose:alternative
B)sample:flavor
C)entice:temptation
D)rouse:hibernation
E)dislike:repugnance

2 OSTRACIZE:EXCLUSION
confine:restriction
declaim:response
education:graduation
conceal:discovery
analyze:problem

3 INDUCE:PERSUASION
intimidate:threat
suggest:requirement
convince:belief
tutor:weakness
rebel:authority

4 SCORE:MUSICIAN
script:Actor
baton:conductor
dialogue:character
notes:composer
credits:performer

5 CELEBRITY:ENTOURAGE
soloist:orchestra
singer:choir
artist:critics
soverign:courteirs
curator:artworks

6 BROOM:DIRT
chimney:soot
mop:floor
rake:leaves
shovel:hole
hammer:fragments

7 BURNER:COOK
lampshade:brighten
furnace:fuel
boat:float
freezer:thaw
fan:ventilate

8 STREAMLINE:COMPLEXITY
improve:efficiency
deliver:destination
corrupt:impurity
stretch:elasticity
depreciate:value

9 LABYRINTH:PERPLEXITY
prison:liberty
harbor:navigation
refuge:relief
lair:danger
mirage:image

By Captcalculus (Captcalculus) on Wednesday, October 08, 2003 - 05:19 pm: Edit

C-to incite instigates one, as to entice tempts one
A-ostracize excludes one, as confine restritcs one
A-a persuasion can induce one, as a threat can intimidate
A-musician uses a score as an actor uses a script
D-celebrity's followers are called entourage, as a sovereign's followers are courtiers
C-broom sweeps dirt, rake sweeps leaves
E-a burner is used to cook food, as a fan is used to ventilate air
E-streamline lessens complexity, as depreciate lessens value
C-labyrinth provides perplexity as refuge provides relief

By Jwfunky (Jwfunky) on Wednesday, October 08, 2003 - 05:34 pm: Edit

I am not great @ analogies, but I'll give em a stab.

INCITE:INSTIGATION

A)propose:alternative
B)sample:flavor
C)entice:temptation
D)rouse:hibernation
E)dislike:repugnance

Answer: Incite: to provoke; instigation: to urge on. Synonyms. Not A, B, or D. Not E, a stronger degree. I'd say C, they mean the same thing, but one's a verb, the other noun.


2 OSTRACIZE:EXCLUSION
confine:restriction
declaim:response
education:graduation
conceal:discovery
analyze:problem

Answer: It's A. To ostracize someone is to put him in exclusion. No other ones work.


3 INDUCE:PERSUASION
intimidate:threat
suggest:requirement
convince:belief
tutor:weakness
rebel:authority

Answer: Not E, D, C, or B. It's A. Once again, synonyms, but verb::noun.

4 SCORE:MUSICIAN
script:Actor
baton:conductor
dialogue:character
notes:composer
credits:performer

Answer: A. Actor reads off the script as muscian reads of the score. Score means the five lines thing you read when you play the piano.

5 CELEBRITY:ENTOURAGE
soloist:orchestra
singer:choir
artist:critics
soverign:courteirs
curator:artworks

Answer: D, a king is often followed by a group of people, like a celeb.

6 BROOM:DIRT
chimney:soot
mop:floor
rake:leaves
shovel:hole
hammer:fragments

Answer: C. Rake is used to clean away leaves.

7 BURNER:COOK
lampshade:brighten
furnace:fuel
boat:float
freezer:thaw
fan:ventilate

E. fan's main function is to use to ventilate, whether it's a fan you use in your room or on the air conditioner or on top of the stove.


8 STREAMLINE:COMPLEXITY
improve:efficiency
deliver:destination
corrupt:impurity
stretch:elasticity
depreciate:value

Answer: streamline means linear, like a linear thinker, not very complex or interesting. oh, here's a verb. So, it's E. To _______ is to take away the _______.


9 LABYRINTH:PERPLEXITY
prison:liberty
harbor:navigation
refuge:relief
lair:danger
mirage:image

Answer: Labyrinth is a place with perplexity, think minotaur. So not E. Not A and B. I don't know. Depends on what lair means. Lair: it's like a place where bear or lion lives. So, it's dangerous. But it can also just be a den or home for an animal. I don't think it's C, because refuge -> protection. And the R and R words rhyme. I remember that's one of the SAT question tricks. Answer: D

I hope that helped. It's a tough workout. Do you have the answers?

By Savoirfaire87 (Savoirfaire87) on Wednesday, October 08, 2003 - 05:37 pm: Edit

I entirely agree with Captcalculus except for the last analogy...I'm not really sure about it:

9 LABYRINTH:PERPLEXITY
a) prison:liberty
b) harbor:navigation
c) refuge:relief
d) lair:danger
e) mirage:image


Captcalculus' reasoning:

C-labyrinth provides perplexity as refuge provides relief


mine:

D- a labyrinth is a place of perplexity, as a lair is a place of danger


Any input would be appreciated....Thanks

:)

By Stephenpmi (Stephenpmi) on Wednesday, October 08, 2003 - 10:17 pm: Edit

On that last analogy, couldn't you also say that a refuge is a place of relief?

Lair:danger might be the better answer, but it is very hard to bridge.

By Jason817 (Jason817) on Wednesday, October 08, 2003 - 10:45 pm: Edit

It has to be refuge:relief. A lair isnt necessarily a place of danger:

lair ( P ) Pronunciation Key (lâr)
n.
-The den or dwelling of a wild animal.
-A den or hideaway.
-Obsolete. A resting place; a couch.

By Savoirfaire87 (Savoirfaire87) on Wednesday, October 08, 2003 - 10:49 pm: Edit

Thanks...

Yeah, I went and looked it up in the dictionary too (well, dictionary.com)... :)

By 31337 (31337) on Thursday, October 09, 2003 - 02:44 pm: Edit

Captcalculus's answers are correct. Well done!

By 31337 (31337) on Thursday, October 09, 2003 - 02:51 pm: Edit

Here are a few more

PROVERB:POPULAR
fable:truthful
affront:indignant
metaphor:literal
utopia:idealistic
witticism:humorous

LOGIC:TORTUOUS
evidence:overwhelming
demaeanor:restrained
methodology:innovative
mood:miserable
plot:convoluted

ETCH:IMPRESSION
mold:malleability
sever:Action
sculpt:shape
view:vista
raze:ground

By Xiggi (Xiggi) on Thursday, October 09, 2003 - 04:01 pm: Edit

PROVERB:POPULAR
fable:truthful
affront:indignant
metaphor:literal
utopia:idealistic
witticism:humorous ===> correct

LOGIC:TORTUOUS
evidence:overwhelming
demaeanor:restrained
methodology:innovative
mood:miserable
plot:convoluted ====> correct but not a great analogy

ETCH:IMPRESSION
mold:malleability
sever:Action
sculpt:shape ====>correct
view:vista
raze:ground

By Savoirfaire87 (Savoirfaire87) on Thursday, October 09, 2003 - 04:39 pm: Edit

Wow! I don't like that second analogy either...but E is definitely the correct answer.

:)

By 31337 (31337) on Friday, October 10, 2003 - 05:30 am: Edit

could you give me the bridges for these?


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